Making money through negative gearing


Question: I’d like some advice on the different financing options available when investing in property. My annual income is $80,000 and I am looking to purchase an investment property around the $500,000-600,000 mark. I’ve been told cash flow positive properties are less risky, but would it make more financial sense to negatively gear my investment? How can I make money off my investment if it is negatively geared? 

Answer: When it comes to property investment you’ll often hear two somewhat conflicting philosophies being bandied around, so a common question beginner investors ask is – which is better? And can you get both?

Firstly there are the “cash flow” followers. They suggest you should invest in property that has the capacity to generate high rental returns in an attempt to achieve positive cash flow. In other words, you want rental returns that are higher than your outgoings (including mortgage payments), leaving money in your pocket each month.

Then there’s the “capital growth “crew. Their favoured strategy is to invest for capital growth over cash flow. In other words, you need to buy property that produces above average increases in value over the long term.

In Australia, properties with higher capital growth usually have lower rental returns. In many regional centres and secondary locations you could achieve a high rental return on your investment property but, in general, you would get poor long-term capital growth.

Clearly if both exist, there is a place for both, so to answer your specific question appropriately I really need to know what you want to achieve. Property investment should be part of a wealth creation strategy, not just a purchase in isolation.

Having said that, there’s no doubt in my mind that if I had to choose between cash flow and capital growth, I would invest for capital growth every time. This is particularly true if you are considering property investment to build an asset base to one day replace your personal exertion income – your salary from your day job.

This means your aim is to grow a large asset base and then enjoy the cash flow your “cash machine” churns out.

The few dollars a week your positive cash flow properties might bring in immediately is not really going to make much difference to your lifestyle or your ability to acquire and service other, more desirable, properties for your portfolio is it?

You can’t save your way to wealth – especially on the measly after tax positive cash flow you can get in today’s property market. And in a rising interest rate environment, a property that is cash flow positive today may be cash flow negative tomorrow.

It’s important to understand that wealth from real estate is not derived from income, because residential properties are not high-yielding investments. Real wealth is achieved through long-term capital appreciation and the ability to refinance to buy further properties. If you seek a short term fix with cash flow positive properties, you’ll struggle to grow a future cash machine from your property investments – it’s just that simple.

But here’s the trick. You can’t turn a cash flow positive property into a high growth property, because of its geographical location. But you can achieve both high returns (cash flow) and capital growth by renovating or developing your high growth properties. This will bring you a higher rent and extra depreciation allowances, which converts high growth, relatively low cash flow properties into high growth, strong cash flow properties. This means you can get the best of both worlds.

  • Answer provided by George Raptis, Metropole Property Strategists

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  • Kevin from ActiveInvesting says on 17/03/2013 05:47:40 PM

    Each investor really needs to take the time to learn and understand the benefits and pitfalls of both positive gearing/cashflow positive and negative gearing.

  • jason says on 28/12/2013 09:28:29 AM

    Good article however property isnt just "one or the other" so to say. Technically, any property can be positive geared. Just depends on how much deposit goes in. Also, positive cashflow properties can definatly make capital growth. I recently purchased a property that I set up on an on an interest only loan fixed for one year. If the property is a short term investment ALWAYS do interest only! I made around 5k cashflow in the year and sold for a 50k profit. My outlay was only a 10 percent deposit which set me back about 15k. So, cash on cash return, this investment provided me with over 200 percent profit in one year. Now ive reinvested that money into 3 properties and intend to sell these after one year and continue building the portfolio with the increases in capital. The first thing anyone should do is determine why exactly they want property, the second is to realize deals are MADE. There is no set way. Work out if a property can make a profit and make an offer based on your figures, not what people say you should offer.

  • jason says on 28/12/2013 09:33:37 AM

    Basically, you can have both positive cashflow and a capital growth IF thats what you look for to begin with. Also, capital growth can be forced by renovations and if the property is brought under value to begin with it provides instant capital.

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